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The missionaries were often assisted by Chinese collaborators, such as Xu Guangqi, a distinguished scientist and prime minister during the last years of the Ming dynasty, a period of scholarship and intellectual activity, Li Zhizao, a scientist and government official, Wang Zheng, an engineer and government official, and Zue Fengzuo, a scientist.

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And then after the founding of the Communist Party of China CPC in Julya large number of socialist and communist theories were translated for the needs of Chinese revolution.

Lin Shu's contribution to China's literary translation cannot be denied.

Online Chinese Malay Translator By comparison with the large scale of translation of the Buddhist scriptures during the Tang dynasty, translation during the Ming dynasty was not so influential in terms of the history of translation in China.

Among his works, the most famous are: He also rearranged chapters and paragraphs so they would be consistent with the style of presentation and organization of ideas founded in the Chinese classics.

The translation atmosphere was dynamic and active with a focus on the translation of Karl Marx's and Lenin's works on socialist and communist theories, and the translation and re-translation of western literature.

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He advocated that there should be an exotic atmosphere in the translated works which would familiarize the readers with the foreign cultures. As he said himself, good translators must have a thorough understanding of the source texts, but they must be aware of the desires and expectations of their compatriots so they can select works appropriate to their time.

As the Yuan rulers directed their attention westward, Arabs began to settle in China, even becoming mandarins or merchants.

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Translation as an M. Large-scale translation started with the translation of Marx and Lenin's works. He wrote in classical Chinese, which had developed during the Zhou BCBC and Han BCBC dynasties, eventually to became the language of the elite and which was still in use in all publications, official or otherwise. As he translated, Xu Guangqi performed experiments.

essay - Chinese translation - English-Chinese dictionary

By the end of the Qing Dynasty, many medical books were available in Chinese, Ding Dubaoa physician and translator, having been responsible for over fifty medical translations. Sicne then, vernacular Chinese has been used instead of Classical Chinese in all types of translation. The academic journal, China Translators' Journal, published by China Translators' Association has been acknowledged as the highest level translation studies journal in China.

There is no entry for "translation studies" in the authoritative Chinese Encyclopedia.

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However, among the many translators during this period, Lin Shu is the most distinguished because of his large quantity of translations of western novels. Technical translations during the Ming dynasty facilitated the scientific and technological development of ancient China, and thus foreign missionaries whose main purpose was to promote Christianity became the first group of disseminators of western knowledge.

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Another translator of the same period was Zhi Qian, who translated about thirty volumes of Buddhist scriptures in a literal manner. They not only translate into but also from Chinese for the promotion of Chinese culture in the world.

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It introduces to translators all over the country the latest translation theories both from abroad and from China. Translation in Present China 5. Professionalization of literary translation in this period also helped improve translation quality.

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He was the first person in the history of translation in China to suggest that translators should sign their names to the translated works. Translation Practice and Theory in Ancient China 2.

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A degree courses will no doubt promote and improve both translation practice and research into theory in China.

An Overview of Translation in China: