What are the major relationships, trends and patterns? Write the review Start by writing your thesis statement. For example, you could use a table to display the key differences between two or more: Therefore, future investigation using the Natural Discussion Group methodology would be helpful to better understand the effects of discussion on memory. Decisions need to be made about where to focus your reading, and where you can refer briefly to an area but explain why you will not be going into it in more detail.
Your department will have its own guidance. Read the literature Critically read each source, look for the arguments presented rather than for facts. You have now created a draft of a Short Literature Review. It is not a list like an annotated bibliography in which a summary of each source is listed one by one. An electronic search may throw up a huge number of hits, but there are still likely to be other relevant articles that it has not detected.
These are questions that you will already probably be asking yourself. Select appropriate source material: This area has been surprisingly neglected until recently, as the majority of the literature on eyewitness testimony has focussed on how to write a 500 word literature review effect of questions and media reports containing misleading information.
Interpretation You need to be actively involved in interpreting the literature that you are reviewing, and in explaining that interpretation to the reader, rather than just listing what others have written.
It is an assessment of the literature and provides a summary, classification, comparison and evaluation. However, such a narrow focus may not fully explain how people remember ref. Sometimes even a key idea can be discovered in this way. Staff and students in your area can be good sources of ideas about where to look for relevant literature. It could be from five sources at first year undergraduate level to more than fifty for a thesis.
It needs to reach the logical conclusion that your research is a good idea.
With longer projects such as a dissertation for a Masters degree, and certainly with a PhD, the literature review process will be more extended. What discipline s am I working in e. In this section, relevant cognitive and social theories are discussed in order to 1 explain the occurrence of memory conformity and 2 describe factors that influence memory conformity.
It can give you a degree of control, in what can feel like an overwhelming and uncontrollable stage of the research process. How many resources? Blaxter et al. Plagiarism Plagiarism is regarded as a serious offence by all Universities, and you need to make sure that you do not, even accidentally, commit plagiarism.
Has anyone else done anything similar?
At undergraduate level literature reviews can be a separate stand alone assessment. Why do we write literature reviews? Like essays, a literature review must have an introduction, a body and a conclusion.
When to review the literature With small-scale writing projects, the literature review is likely to be done just once; probably before the writing begins. After reading your literature review, it should be clear to the reader that you have up-to-date awareness of the relevant work of others, and that the research question you are asking is relevant.
Once you have written a few summaries of articles, you must decide on the order in which you will present them. There may be specific guidance on structure within your department, or you may need to devise your own.
A critical review It is important that your literature review is more than just a list of references with a short description of each one. Almost all innocent individuals exonerated by DNA evidence had been convicted primarily as a result of erroneous eyewitness evidence ref.
The story needs to be logical, informative, persuasive, comprehensive and, ideally, interesting. Identifies which explanations are likely to be valid in explaining the results of experiments conducted for this thesis. The process of conducting and reporting your literature review can help you clarify your own thoughts about your study.
Theoretical Explanations of Memory Conformity 1. Analyse the literature you have found In order for your writing to reflect strong critical analysis, you need to evaluate the sources. Take notes as you read and start to organise your review around themes and ideas.
As you draft your Literature Review sections, consider the following: The body could include paragraphs on: Reviews the chronological development of research in this area an approach that is useful at times, but not always the best. This will then provide you with a long reference list, and curriculum vitae europeo formato rtf my curriculum vitae is attached herewith of the references it contains.
Defined introduced term. Create an order for your paragraph summaries try this with just paragraphs that relate. You show your understanding by analysing and then synthesising the information to: The focus of the Study Guide is the literature review within a dissertation or a thesis, but many of the ideas are transferable to other kinds of writing, such as an extended essay, or a report.
Wherever possible, use original source material rather than summaries or reviews by others. Establishes significance of territory.
The ordering isn't random—there should be a logical rationale behind your choices. A skill that helps in curtailing the reading is: Discusses what has been found, but points out inconsistency of results.
However, such a narrow focus may not fully explain how people remember ref. Establishes research niche.
This can be particularly useful if you find a review article that evaluates other literature in the field. References of references If you can find a few really useful sources, it can be a good idea to check through their reference lists to see the range of sources that they referred to.
Taylor and Procter of The University of Toronto have some useful suggested questions to ask yourself at the beginning of your reading: Conclusion Your conclusion should give a summary of: What geographical area?
Debbies ‘how to write a lit review' Next four paragraphs described the contents and purpose of each section of the thesis.
For example, … This section of the literature review examines factors influencing whether or not a person is likely to conform that are 1 in the situation, and 2 within the individual. Ways of finding relevant material Electronic sources Searching electronic databases is probably the quickest way to access a lot of material.
What is already known or understood about this topic? For each source you are reviewing ask yourself these questions: Writing a literature review What is a literature review? It is essential to check that you have constructed your synthesis well, and with sufficient supporting evidence. Am I looking at issues of theory? Increased ease of access to a wider range of published material has also increased the need for careful and clear critique of sources.
Establishes a reason for this chapter and states the purpose.
How authoritative and credible is this source? Briefly reviews what has been found, and then identifies a gap. Topic 4: What type of literature review am I conducting? This will help you track and organize your articles as the number of sources increases.
If you are required to record and present your search strategy, you may be able to include the technical details of the search strategy as an appendix to your thesis. Merriam Using tables As well as using tables to display numerical data, tables can be useful within a literature review when you are comparing other kinds of material.
Checklist for a literature review Have I: You need to demonstrate cover letter nursing education position your reader castles homework sheet you are examining your sources with a critical approach, and not just believing them automatically.
A typical journal article will be between pages. Are there any gaps in the literature that require further study? Your lecturer will advise you on these details. What is critical writing? Establishes research territory.
You need to be able to demonstrate that you are aware of current issues and research, and to show how your research is relevant within a changing context. Literature reviews - Example 1 Example of literature reviews from Helen M.
Consider using a table, matrix or concept map to identify how the different sources relate to each other. What are you searching the literature to discover?
Literature Review In this activity, you will read through a worked example of a short literature review. Check your assignment question and your criteria sheet to know what to focus on. Engage in a dialogue with the literature, you are not just providing a summary.
It may therefore be advantageous to also investigate the effects of co-witness information using Natural Discussion Groups as this methodology has high ecological validity. You how to write a 500 word literature review also need to be ready to answer them in a viva if you will be having one. Study guide For a printer-friendly PDF version of this guide, click here This Study Guide explains why literature reviews are needed, and how they can be conducted and reported.
What social setting? There was some comparison between later and earlier explanations and the synthesised conclusions that can be drawn. This is an important introductory sentence that will tell your reader what the topic is and the overall perspective or argument you will be presenting. Then discusses how the next researchers tried to address these problems.
As you review the references, remember to be a critical reader see Study Guide What is critical reading?
It can also establish a framework within which to present and analyse the findings. Creating a synthesis is, in effect, like building interpretation upon interpretation.
At university you may be asked to write a literature review in order to demonstrate your understanding of the literature on a particular topic. Repeats 6 for another sub-topic. What are you being asked to do in your literature review?
The term now encompasses a wide range of web-based sources, in addition to the more traditional books and print journals. You can then begin your process of evaluating the quality and relevance of what you read, and this can guide you to more focussed further reading.